WWW Consortium finalises two XML technologies

Two technologies that are expected to help companies using the Extensible Markup Language (XML) for data presentation have reached "recommendation status", the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) announced yesterday.

Recommendation status is the final step in the W3C's process of creating technology for the Web.

One of the technologies -- Extensible Stylesheet Language Transformations (XSLT) -- assists in transforming one XML document into another, restructured XML document. The other -- XPath -- is a language that lets users address pieces of an XML document.

For example, a book represented by an XML document might contain chapter headings, paragraphs of text and footnotes. Using an XSLT engine, the chapter headings could be transformed into a new XML document that serves as the book's table of contents. XPath would let the user associate a name with chapters 1, 2 and 3, for instance, so they can make sure those chapters are listed in the proper sequence in the table of contents.

Vendors that wrote and developed the XSLT specification included Adobe Systems, IBM, Lotus Development, Microsoft, Novell, Oracle and Sun Microsystems.

Commerce One, IBM, Microsoft, Oracle and Sun are among the vendors that worked on the XPath recommendation. The World Wide Web Consortium is an international industry consortium based in the US at the MIT Laboratory for Computer Science in Massachusetts.