Dell on Monday said it had signed a confidentiality agreement with investor Carl Icahn, who has vocally opposed the company's proposed plan to be acquired for US$24.4 billion in a leveraged buyout.
In a brief statement, Icahn Enterprises said it "looks forward to commencing its review of Dell's confidential information."
Further details were not provided on what information would be reviewed, but it is likely that Icahn will get a look at Dell's accounting books. Icahn on March 7 proposed that Dell pursue a leveraged recapitalization and a special dividend of $9 per share if the buyout deal was rejected by shareholders. In a leveraged recapitalization, a company typically takes on debt in order to pay a divident to shareholders.
Dell spokesman David Frink said there was nothing to add, saying that the company is trying to be as transparent as possible through filings with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission.
Dell on Feb. 5 announced it was being purchased for $24.4 billion by founder Michael Dell and equity investor Silver Lake. The deal, subject to shareholder approval, also included a $2 billion loan from Microsoft, and debt financing commitments from Bank of America, Merrill Lynch, Barclays, Credit Suisse and RBC Capital Markets.
Shortly after announcing the deal, Dell said it did its due diligence and examined its strategic position and alternatives with the help of experts. Dell's board of directors ultimately concluded that "that the proposed all-cash transaction is in the best interests of stockholders. The transaction offers an attractive and immediate premium for stockholders and shifts the risks facing the business to the buyer group."
But there are signs that the deal could be at risk as many top Dell shareholders are against the proposed buyout.
Icahn and some of Dell's major shareholders, including Yacktman Asset Management and Southeastern Asset Management have voiced their opinions against the proposed deal, saying that the company is being undervalued. The stockholders are preparing to fight a proxy battle and will vote against a proposed deal.
Dell is going through a "go-shop process" of 45 days in which stockholders get an opportunity to determine if there are alternatives better than the proposed deal on the table. The go-shop period ends on March 22. Negotiations will continue after that date if there is a superior proposal to the current buy-out plan by Michael Dell and Silver Lake.
Dell will file a proxy document with the SEC in a week or so that will provide in-depth details related to any new proposals and the current proposed deal, Frink said.
Icahn is widely considered an opportunist investor and has opposed many deals involving technology companies. Icahn dueled with Yahoo's board in 2008 after the company rejected a buyout offer from Microsoft.