Last years Mac mini brought a number of drastic changes for the compact desktop computer: Core i5 processors that replaced the aging Core 2 Duo CPUs, Thunderbolt ports, and the discontinuation of a built-in SuperDrive. The new Mac mini may not be quite as revolutionary as the 2011 models, but its updates are still significant.
The 2012 Mac mini introduces USB 3, which replaces the tired, old USB 2.0 ports found in previous model. The new Mac mini also has faster integrated graphics, and, for the first time, quad-core processors.
You look familiar
The Mac mini maintains many physical aspects that were introduced with the mid-2010 Mac mini, including a low-profile, (1.4 inches high, 7.7-inches deep and wide) aluminum unibody design. The front has a pin-hole sized activity light and IR port. The back of the new Mac mini has a power button, power cord input, and ports for gigabit ethernet, FireWire 800, HDMI, Thunderbolt, and USB 3. An SDXC card slot and audio-out and audio-in ports round out the physical connection types, while 802.11a/b/g/n Wi-Fi, Bluetooth 4.0, and an IR port deliver wireless connectivity.
As always, Apple invites you to bring your own, keyboard, mouse, and display to the Mac mini partytheyre not included. An HDMI to DVI cable is included in the box, but you may need additional adapters that will cost extra money, such as a DVI adapter.
The Mac minis body sits on a round, quarter-inch high black plastic disc that, when rotated a half an inch, can be removed to expose the two RAM slots. Both the $599 and $799 standard Mac minis come with two 2GB 1600MHz DDR3 SDRAM modules, but can be upgraded to use up to 16GB of RAM.
The entry-level $599 Mac mini comes with a relatively pokey 5400-rpm 500GB hard drive. Aside from RAM, there are no optional upgrades available for the $599 Mac mini from the Apple Store. The high-end $799 Mac mini also comes standard with a 5400 rpm drive, though at 1TB it has twice the capacity. And there are options for the $799 Mac mini. For an additional $500, you can upgrade to 256GB of flash storage, or for $250 you can opt for a new 1TB Fusion Drive.
The Fusion Drive offered for the high-end Mac mini brings together a 1TB hard drive and 128GB of flash storage. The operating system and applications are installed on the flash storage at the factory. Over time, the Fusion Drive is supposed to learn your work habits and move apps and data around between the hard drive and flash storage to provide the best performance. For example, if you use Aperture all of the time and infrequently use iPhoto, the Fusion Drive and OS X might move the iPhoto library and application to the slower portion of the hard drive, and move Aperture to the faster flash storage.
I havent gotten my hands on the Fusion Drive yet, but Im anxious to see how it differs from other hybrid drives, like the Seagate Momentus XT, which combines a fast but pricey solid-state drive with an affordable but slow rotational hard drive.
The $599 Mac mini has a 2.5GHz dual core Core i5 processor, which was also in last years high-end model. The $799 Mac mini has a 2.3GHz quad-core Core i7 processor. Both the Core i5 and i7 support Intels Hyper Threading technology, which allows applications to address four virtual processing cores on the Core i5, and eight virtual cores on the Core i7. Both processors also support Turbo Boost, which lets processors run faster than their rated speed when necessary. Using Turbo Boost, the 2.5GHz Core i5 can reach speeds up to 3.1GHz, and the 2.3GHz Core i7 can top out at 3.3GHz.
As youd expect, in processor-intensive tasks that use all of a systems processing core, the $799 2.3GHz quad-core Core i7 Mac mini was much faster than the $599 2.5GHz dual-core Core i5 Mac mini. MathematicaMark was 72 percent faster on the quad-core system, and Cinebench CPU tests took 51 percent less time to complete than the dual-core $599 model.
The high-end $799 Mac mini can also be customized to use a quad core 2.6GHz Intel Core i7 processor (a $100 option) that can get as fast as 3.6GHz using Turbo Boost.
Grappling with graphics
The new Mac mini uses Intels much improved HD Graphics 4000 graphics processor. Its an integrated processorthe graphics processing is built into the main CPU and shares the computers main memory. Discrete graphics, on the other hand, are graphics processors that are completely separate and use dedicated video memory. Generally, discrete graphics are preferred over integrated for applications that demand the highest performance.
The HD Graphics 4000 is much better at delivering high frame rates in games than the HD Graphics 3000 graphics used previously, but it falls far short of the performance of the discrete AMD Radeon HD 6630M graphic processor. In our Portal 2 test, the new entry-level $599 Mac mini was 27 percent faster than the previous low-end model. However, the previous high-end model with its AMD Radeon discrete graphics was 24 percent faster than the new high-end Mac mini with the integrated Intel HD 4000 graphics.
Benchmarks: Speedmark 8 scores
The new $599 Mac mini was 31 percent faster in our Speedmark 8 tests than its 2011 predecessor. The new system was faster in all of our tests, but its processor-intensive tests results were only slightly higher. Interestingly, the hard drive tests were much faster on the new systems, though they still use just 5400-rpm hard drives.
We also looked at the performance differences between the new low-end model and a mid-2010 entry-level Mac mini with a 2.4GHz core 2 Duo processor. The new Mac mini was 68 percent faster and finished the Cinebench CPU test in half the time of the 2010 model. The old system took nearly three times as long to complete our Photoshop action script.
The new $799 2.3GHz quad-core Core i7 Mac mini is 37 percent faster than its 2011 predecessor. Keep in mind that the previous high-end Mac mini used the same 2.5GHz dual-core Core i5 processor thats now found in the new low-end $599 system.
Macworld Lab has a complete look at the performance of the new Mac mini, including a deep dive into the individual application results from Speedmark 8.
The new Mac mini continues to build on the solid foundation laid out by the 2011 model. If you prefer a Mac desktop computer to a laptop, and/or you dont want to be confined to the glossy 21.5 or 27-inch displays that come with the iMac, the Mac mini is a capable system for most tasks.
The quad-core Core i7 processor and the larger storage capacity makes the $799 Mac mini more attractiveplus you can configure this system with Apples new Fusion Drive for an additional $250. The least expensive Mac available today, the $599 Mac mini, has made its own performance strides and continues to be an affordable option for anyone wanting the Mac experience without paying a high premium.