Windows 8 hasnt just arrivedit has arrived in full force, with an armada of ancillary products. Microsofts deployment of the new Windows platform across desktops, laptops, tablets, hybrids, and smartphones constitutes a major push to make Windows 8 your defining computing experience regardless of your hardware persuasion. Depending on your point of view, this can be a good thing or a very, very bad thing.
Or maybe its both.
Lets take a walk through some of the triumphs and failings of Microsofts sprawling Windows 8 ecosystem. Like it or not, this is the environment that all new-PC users (and many PC upgraders) will be working with for the next few years.
The great unification
Although Windows 8 stumbles in its attempts to push a touch-centric operating system onto desktops and laptops lacking finger-friendly screens, Im nonetheless impressed by Microsofts execution in delivering a unified experience across all of its major consumer platforms. Windows 8 on x86-based tablets is the same Windows 8 that you can find on laptops and desktops, and this provides a tight degree of unification thats missing from Apples product lineup, which is split between Mac OS and iOS.
The linchpin is the new Microsoft Account sign-in (formerly Live ID). Through a single username and password, your Microsoft Account taps into the cloud and establishes common preferences among all the Windows-based hardware and services you may use (though regional barriers are still a problem; more about that below). So kudos to Microsoft for acknowledging that our computers, tablets, smartphones, and game consoles should be connected, sharing a common, user-specific experience.
From SkyDrive to SmartGlass to the ability to synchronize settings across environments quickly and easily, the new Windows 8 platform provides the essential core connections for all your software and gear.
Forcing a touchy issue
Since touch is the cornerstone of Windows 8regardless of whether you actually have a touch-responsive display on your chosen deviceMicrosoft is pushing third-party developers to take the next big step in app creation. Simply put: Touch cannot be ignored. This mandate is an issue for people without touch-enabled hardware. And its bad news for people who have tried touch control but hate it. Yet Microsoft's new the touch way or the highway philosophy shows vision and innovation, and affirms the publics overwhelming support for touch gestures on computing hardware.
Sure, some developers will never jump on the touch bandwagon, either because they dont have an interest in advancing their users' experience, or because their software cant benefit from touch in any way (after all, some utilities are so simple, one-dimensional, or keyboard-dependent that an investment in touch development wouldnt make sense). Nonetheless, you can expect to see many more apps that tightly and creatively leverage touch support. These are the apps that will carry Microsoft forward.
And these are the apps that will ensure a consistent, high-quality user experience, regardless of which hardware you use to tap into the new Windows regime.
Leading by (hardware) example
Microsoft isnt just reinventing its Windows platform. Its also doubling down on a hardware strategy designed to lead by example, showing tablet manufacturers that tablet-laptop hybrids are the future of PC computing.
Yes, I know: Pairing touch-based tablets with keyboards isnt a new idea. Other parties have done it before, with Asus being the most effective. But Microsofts elegant execution of Surface RT, with its keyboard-cover accessories, sets a high bar for what a Windows 8 tablet-laptop hybrid should be. Whats more, because Surface RT is Microsofts first foray into computer manufacturing, the company will now compete with its hardware partners, and this might lower prices and encourage the creation of better, more interesting, more innovative computers across the entire Windows 8 ecosystem.
In essence: Consumers get more choice, and better products to pick from. Microsoft, meanwhile, achieves faster market-share gains for Windows 8. The new Surface tablet isnt just the premier hardware component in the new Windows ecosystemits actually a catalyst for greater ecosystem success.
Fearing giants promotes innovation
Now that Microsoft has committed to the brave new world of touchand smartphones and tabletsit has to deliver the goods. Its now competing directly with the iPad and iPhone. Its now competing with scads of Android devices. This isnt necessarily an enviable position given Microsofts uphill climb, but it will definitely drive innovation, and that bodes well for the Windows ecosystem as a whole.
In short, Microsoft has to get very creative, very quickly. Ultimately this challenge will benefit consumers the most. Microsoft will have to drive new features throughout its platform, especially new ways for all of the hardware components to interact with one another. And this is an opportunity that neither Apple nor Google really gets to explore, since Apple splits its ecosystem between Mac OS and iOS, and Google doesnt even have a computer OS.
Apps such as Xbox SmartGlass, and services such as the SkyDrive cloud platform and Xbox Music streaming, are great starts. But what else can Microsoft do to persuade users to abandon their existing devices and ecosystems, and leap head-first into Windows 8? More important, how fast can Microsoft pull that off? These are scary questions for Microsoft, but I think standing in place doing nothing is an even scarier option.
Joining the app-store masses
Apple had one first. Then Google got one. Now, finally, Microsoft has one too: a software store. Its not for your Windows Phone 8 device, but for Windows itself. And the new Windows Store is the only place you can download Windows 8 apps, the Start screen-centric programs previously known as Metro apps.
Although the move has frustrated developers who create software that Microsoft doesnt wanteither a result of a particular app falling short of Microsofts guidelines, or the fact that Microsoft isnt opening the Windows Store to the full purchase of desktop applicationsits nonetheless a powerful driver in making Microsofts ecosystem more accessible, more convenient, and more secure for users.
The Windows Store is a great step forward; but in order to recognize its benefits, you cant look at it through the eyes of a power user. Envision, instead, the typical technological neophyte who wants access to online shopping, streaming movies, financial information, games, rudimentary media editing, and all the other simple services that computers make possible. Throughout their computing lives, these novices have been tempted numerous times: A Web ad has asked them to install something they shouldnt. Or theyve installed software upon the recommendation of a friend, but that software isnt compatible with their system. Or, even sadder, these newbies might not even know how to find and download new programs for their PCs.
The Windows Store gives such users a simple and secure entry point for downloading apps that have passed stringent certification from Microsoft itself. Sure, an app might ultimately stink, but at least users now have strong assurance that the software wont muck up their systems. To wit: Apples App Store went more than five years before succumbing to its first piece of malware, and the company quickly expunged the app so that no new user could download it ever again.
Friendly compromises that were never made
To construct a user experience that works fairly seamlessly across desktops, tablets, and smartphones, Microsoft had to make some compromises, and these trade-offs are affecting desktop users the most. Although its relatively easy to operate a touchscreen-oriented interface on a device with an actual touchscreen, its not so easy to translate touch gestures to the world of mice and keyboards. Power users arent happy with Microsofts new Windows 8 mouse gestures, so you can only imagine how well theyll be received by the enterprise market, and by all of our grandparents.
In some cases Microsoft didnt even have to make compromises, but still opted to restrict the users ability to navigate Windows in a familiar, friendly way. The company had ample opportunity to give users choice and freedom in its construction of Windows 8, but decided not to.
Want a Start menu? We wont show it by default, but you can enable it if you really need to. Dont like the Start screen? Thats totally cool. Well make it so that you can still access it, but we wont force you to deal with it up front each time you start the OS. Dont need a lock screen since youre on a desktop computer instead of a tablet? Great. We wont force you to reveal your password prompt. Or at least, we wont bury the option that lets you eliminate this.
Thats how Microsofts internal dialogue could have sounded. But in the real world, Microsoft chose differently. In creating a common ecosystem for Windows 8, Microsoft has shifted portions of its new user interface into places where they dont need to be.
Common interface, uncommon apps
The scariest part of the Windows 8 ecosystem is the fact that Microsoft has put a good chunk of the potential success of its OSacross PCs, tablets, and smartphonesin the hands of third-party developers. Even though its premature to declare Windows 8 a complete dud in terms of available apps, we have to be concerned about the critical dearth of apps that one would otherwise expect to find on a major new platform. Windows 8 has no official Facebook app, no official Twitter app, and no Instagram. And those are just three of the most obvious omissions.
The app situation could very well change in a few months, so I wont quibble about specifics. After all, Microsoft execs have stated that they hope to have 100,000 apps in the Windows Store within 90 days of the Windows 8 launch.
Whats worse for Microsoft is the way that it has decided to treat the Windows Stores on smartphones, tablets, and desktops, walling them off in separate silos instead of unifying all of the environments. How cool would it be to buy a copy of Microsoft Office, and receive a version geared for your Windows 8 smartphone and for your Windows 8 desktop or tablet? Or, for that matter, wouldnt it be nice to purchase rights to run your favorite Windows 8 smartphone game on your tablet?
But, no, thats not happening.
A Windows 8 tablet or hybrid is the functional equivalent of a laptop, which shares the same Windows Store as your desktop PC (unless youre running a Windows RT-based tablet; I'll get into that below). In contrast, a Windows Phone devicewhose interface inspired Windows 8 and exhibits many of the same behaviors and features of Windows 8taps into a completely different software store. Phone apps share a common code with tablet and PC apps, but they cant directly transfer over to your tablets and PCs.
The sins of Windows RT
If you thought the Windows 8 ecosystem was confusing enough in terms of app support, you aint seen nothing yet.
Windows 8 RT has entered the fray, too. If the Windows 8 ecosystem of desktops, laptops, tablets, and smartphones were a great land mass, then Windows 8 RT would be an island off the coast. Its under the mother country's protection, and it likely enjoys much of the same climate and vegetation, but its still separated enough to be its own little, self-contained world.
Microsoft representatives have had trouble explaining the differences between Windows 8 and Windows RT in the months leading up to Windows 8s big launch. And if they cant get it right, how is an average consumer supposed to understand that Windows RT is a stripped-down OS version that wont run desktop applications, save the ones that come preinstalled? In a nutshell, the Windows RT desktop runs a junior edition of Microsoft Office and a motley crew of legacy utilities. Thats it, along with providing the basic file-management functions of any Windows desktop OS.
Microsoft might gain some depth-of-ecosystem advantages by opening Windows 8 to inexpensive (and energy-efficient) ARM processors; in fact, the move to support ARM extends the reach of the new Windows platform. But Windows RT also has the potential to create serious confusion for people expecting to jump between all Windows 8 devices without issues.
Its commercial time
Never before has Microsoft been so unapologetic about tying its commercial interests so closely with the raw mechanics of its OS ecosystem. Although youre free to set up your own default applications in Windows 8, or to install other apps to manage the multimedia as you see fit, theres no question that Microsoft would prefer that you use its branded, tiled apps to watch or listen to content. And, oh, while youre there, perhaps you might like to rent or purchase a movie or two from one of the tiles advertised on your screen.
Its bad, folks. The Music app isnt so much a media player as a storefront for Xbox Music. The Games app isnt so much a portal for installed games as a platform for buying Windows 8 gamesand even Xbox 360 games. And the same conceit holds true for the Video app. These are sales tools, not user-focused programs, and the sales pitch persists throughout the Windows ecosystem.
Androidand even iTunes, to a lesser extentseparates commercialization from content to such a degree that its there if you want it, and you know how to reach it, but it isn't in your face, atop a lackluster multimedia player (or games browser). But in the new Windows ecosystem, no matter what youve paid for your device or for your subscription content, advertising is now a part of the norm. Thats not fun.
Although this issue wont affect the mainstay of Microsofts Windows 8 user base, one of the problems Microsoft has now created in unifying its ecosystem under a common accountthe Microsoft Accountis that transferring your account between regions is about two degrees short of impossible. In other words, if youve done a lot with your old Live ID in Europe, for instance, and are about to move to the States, youre in for a bit of a shock: Your new Microsoft Account will remain tied to the country where you created it.
Unfortunately, at the moment you can't just open a drop-down menu in some options panel and change over from, say, England to the United States. Without the ability to make such a switch, users lose the capability to pay for the very services Microsoft offersapps, Xbox Live points, and the likein addition to losing access to any region-locked apps, games, services, or subscriptions theyve already ponied up for.
What would have been an annoying issue in previous years is even worse now that Microsoft is tying a number of Windows 8s more compelling features to a users online account. Microsofts standard solutioncreate a new Microsoft Accountjust doesnt cut it anymore, not when the goal is to have a single sign-on for the entirety of the Windows 8 ecosystem.
The real solution is twofold. First, Microsoft should give its users the opportunity to switch their billing country without hassle. And second, those people who already took Microsoft up on its advice to create multiple accounts need the ability to merge multiple accounts into one.
Microsoft, however, would just prefer that you hold tight for now.