If the rapid rise of electronic mail and Internet services has had an impact on the way we do business, that impact certainly hasn't reduced our dependence on the printed page. In this age of communications, we're learning more and more that information you can hold in your hand is incredibly powerful, almost universally accepted and almost indispensable. Rather than replace the printed page, the new methods of delivering information have firmed the place of the "hard copy".
In this product focus we're looking at high-end colour printers, colour enhanced mono printers and workhorse monochrome network printers. Although not common yet, the idea of having colour available on a departmental printer is quite desirable. Imagine being able to print the equivalent of a page with yellow highlighter on some words. Or what about replacing all pre-printed stationery by printing the letterhead as the letter is printed.
The other use for some of these printers is in the graphics, pre-press and business communications field. Being able to print a proof of a new ad in-house, or produce photographic quality brochures and posters is becoming more and more attractive as the price goes down. Add to this the ability to print on unusual surfaces like canvas or coffee mugs and you start to see the number of possible new sales areas for printers.
In a future feature we'll look at the blossoming new market for high-quality home printers from the likes of Epson and HP, where the output is indistinguishable from a professionally printed photograph. But for now, we invite you to sit back and enjoy the slide show.
In the commercial colour print market there are a limited number of players, with most catering for a specific section of the market. The needs of the end users, whether they are cost, speed, quality or versatility, are addressed in different ways by different vendors. No single vendor is able to satisfy all these needs and it seems that it is up to the user to decide which product best suits his/her requirements.
It has been forecast in some areas that the cheaper inkjet and solid ink printers will increase their share of the digital photography and desktop publishing markets over the next few years because costs are coming down while the quality of the prints from these versatile machines is increasing.
A word of warning when considering the bottom line. Several products are sold as a base model only and by the time the cost of the necessary extras is factored in the comparisons become more realistic.
New products are entering the market regularly as both the technology, speed and capacity of colour printers for the commercial market improves.
Tektronix says it is still the leader in the $5000Ð $30,000 colour printer market mainly because the company's technological advances are so far unmatched by any competitors. Two products, the dye-sublimation Phaser 450 and the wide-format Phaser 600, are discussed here.
The colour printer market is moving towards digital photography. Tektronix says the dye-sublimation technology employed by the Phaser 450 is the only technology capable of producing a continuous tone, a requirement for photographic output.
The Phaser 450 targets high-quality colour printing requirements for creative graphic design, pre-press proofing, digital photography, high-end business presentations, and scientific and engineering applications.
Image processing speed is a feature of the Phaser 450 with, for example, a 300dpi full-page image being processed in 1.18 minutes. Communication speeds are also increased with a new plug-in for Adobe Photoshop which allows the user to bypass the standard driver and print directly to the printer from the Photoshop application. The PhaserPrint plug-in works with both Macintosh and IBM platforms, and compatibles.
To meet user demands for media that looks and feels more like a photograph, Tektronix has introduced heavier paper and "ColourSeal" media. ColourSeal media adds a laminate layer to media during the printing process to protect the print from UV fading and helps it resist scratching. The ColourSeal media also includes adhesive-backed paper for packaging mock-ups or mounting photo prints.
Optional network cards for the Phaser 450 provide support for EtherTalk, Novell NetWare, TCP/IP, and LocalTalk protocols. Adobe PostScript software is built into the printer to provide cross-platform printing capability across a range of platforms.
The RRP of the Phaser 450 colour printer ranges from $12,750 to $14,995.
There are a few limitations with dye sublimation printers, for example, at $4-$5 per page: the printer is not suitable for CAD operations and desktop publishing. Another problem with dye-sublimation technology for these applications is the difficulty of printing fine lines and text.
Neale Gallagher, marketing manager of Tektronix's Colour Imaging and Printing Division, told Australian Reseller News that both Tektronix and its competitor in this market, Kodak, have addressed this problem. He says that while the photographic quality of both products is very close, the Tektronix output of fine lines and text is superior.
Gallagher also points out that the Phaser 450 is networkable while the Kodak product is not. He adds that the Phaser 450 is very fast in downloading from the computer to the printer, but he concedes that speed is more of a desktop publishing issue at this stage; many digital photographers are not interested in speed.
Gallagher believes that colour laser and solid ink printers will take over from dye sublimation in the next few years. The reasons are that dye sublimation is much more expensive, ($4-$5 per page compared to $1 per page); the quality of output of colour lasers and solid ink is catching up to dye sublimation quality; and with lasers and solid ink the printing time is much faster. "You are talking about pages per minute, not minutes per page." Gallagher adds that laser and solid ink printers are also more versatile as they can be used for several other applications as well. He believes that end users are looking for more versatility out of a printer and this is why the market for dye sublimation printers is slow and reaching saturation point.
This solid-ink colour printer prints on any paper and in sizes up to 36in wide. The markets targeted for these "wide-format" prints are corporate in-house departments (including design departments within companies, government and advertising agencies) and commercial "pay for print" businesses (including service bureaus, reprographic shops, colour photo labs, copy shops, quickprint shops and exhibit builders).
The market is small for this product, although Tektronix believes that there is a "growing popularity for high-quality wide-format colour printing" in the markets already mentioned and in scientific and engineering firms. Tektronix is happy to operate in a small marketplace with this product because the company considers that as a market leader in the $5000 to $30,000 colour printer market (IDG figures confirm 34 per cent market share), a wide-format option broadens the range of products available to its clients and consolidates its position.
Gallagher told ARN that the advantage of the Tectronix product over its competitors is that the solid ink technology, exclusive to Tektronix, produces dry copy when it comes out of the printer, and the print is not affected by water. Printing can be done on any stock, including canvas, vinyl and transparencies. Applications include posters, informational signs, banners, presentation graphics, backlit signs, photo enlargement, promotional material, point of purchase displays and tradeshow displays.
Gallagher believes that 90 per cent of the colour print market is the paper market and that most manufacturers are addressing this only. Up until now, Tektronix has the only printer which uses other surfaces and he can't see this situation changing in the short term. (Epson is releasing an inkjet printer at the time of writing which also prints on other media).
The Phaser 600 can be connected to almost any type of network or it can stand alone. No dedicated servers or add-on processing software is required.
Advantages of the Phaser 600 are that it is drier, cheaper and cleaner than liquid jet products, and that it can print on any surface.
The Phaser 600 has an RRP of $19,995 for the Standard model and $24,995 for the enhanced model, and it is available now.
Epson Stylus Photo
New from Epson is the Epson Stylus Photo, recently voted best product for 1997 at the Brisbane PC Show.
The product is a photo-reproduction inkjet printer for the professional photography market, graphics professional or photography enthusiast. It is also targeted at in-house sales and marketing departments as a low-cost alternative to producing photos.
Gordon Groundwater, marketing director for Epson in Australia, claims that the Epson Stylus Photo "is not designed to replace our current range of inkjet printers; it complements them as a niche product".
Epson attributes the photo-reproduction quality of the resulting prints to the printhead, ink and printer driver. The "Micro Piezo" printhead has been developed to provide sharper output. The printhead provides uniformity of dot size and shape, more accurate dot placement and faster ink ejection. The product uses a six-colour printing system for accurate colours and natural skin tones, with quick-dry inks. The SuperMicroDot technology enables the printer to place a larger number of dots in the same area to improve colour gradation performance.
The Epson Stylus Photo is Mac and PC compatible. The RRP is $999, which includes a 12-month warranty. A three-year warranty is also available at the time of purchase, extending the warranty to three years in total.
Epson Stylus COLOR 3000
Epson has just launched this inkjet printer which also addresses the wide-format market. It produces "faster, photo-quality colour", edge-to-edge on A2+ paper. The printer is a colour inkjet designed for professional desktop publishing, pre-press graphic designers and CAD/CAM users.
Koula Mamalikos, marketing services manager, Epson Australia, told ARN that with a price under $4000 and the ability to print on banner paper, backlit film, continuous paper labels and canvas cloth, the printer is excellent value for the professional graphics market. "The printer is suitable for anyone doing large format printing".
The Epson Stylus COLOR 3000 prints up to 1440 x 720dpi resolution for photo images and line drawings requiring finer detail and it employs the PerfectPicture Imaging System, a feature of Epson's new generation of inkjets launched in February. The technology includes the Micro Piezo printhead, QuickDry inks, AcuPhoto Halftoning (colours appear natural without sacrificing speed), MicroWeave (eliminating the banding effect), and MicroDot technology where more and smaller dots produce better photo quality.
Windows 3.1x/95 and Macintosh printer drivers are supplied with the printer. Quick connection to the Macintosh is available through the standard bi-directional parallel and Apple serial interface. The interfaces are auto-switching so that two computers can share the printer.
The Epson Stylus COLOR 3000 is available from mid June at a RRP of under $4000.
Epson Stylus COLOR 1520
This colour inkjet printer from Epson is designed to meet more demanding print jobs. It employs the same new technologies as the other Epson products outlined and also features 64 dedicated Micro Dot nozzles for each colour ink, and 128 for black ink. This is approximately triple and double the number of nozzles in the previous model, the 1500.
The Epson Stylus Color 1520 is networked by installing an optional Ethernet interface card, enabling the printer to be accessed by both Macintosh and Windows systems. Accessibility is enhanced by dual interfaces for the Macintosh.
The printer can be used in CAD applications by installing the Epson Plot! printing utility for Windows, enabling the printer to print HP-GL and HP-GL/2 files.
The printer can be used in desktop publishing applications for printing on A2 and SuperA3/B sized paper, with a maximum printable width of 345mm.
The RRP of the Epson Stylus COLOR 1520 is $1999.
Lexmark's solution for the colour laser market is the Optra SC range. The two products involved are the Optra SC 1275 with 16Mb RAM and the Optra SC 1275 Pro, which is network-ready with an Ethernet 10Base-T/100Base-Tx or token ring adapter and 32Mb RAM.
Designed for customer presentations, complex data analysis or graphic design work, the printers use ColorSharp colour management technology. This means that the printers can automatically adjust to the best mode for each item on the page, whether text, graphics or image. The printing is "vivid" and "consistent" and can be reproduced on a variety of papers as well as transparencies, labels and cardstock.
The Optra SC works in all major networked environments, supports all major colour management systems, does not require the purchase of additional hardware or software and is compatible with most software applications.
The Optra SC also includes MarkVision, software that helps the user remotely operate the printers. Ian Clohessy, business printer product manager of Lexmark Australia, told ARN that MarkVision addresses the hidden cost of printer management and provides the user with remote setup, status and problem diagnosis. In addition MarkVision offers jobs statistics and printer inventory, and supplies monitoring. Clohessy also advised that MarkVision has just announced Web-based support and it can be used within Internet environments.
The Optra SC 1275 and Optra SC Pro will be available mid-July and prices are expected to be $7924 and $8786 respectively.
To set up and configure Optra S and Optra SC series printers in a network environment, Lexmark has announced new MarkNet S Internal Network Adapters, or as they call them, "PCI based speed demons".
The benefits of the adapters include flash memory, simultaneous support for all major network protocols, DHCP and WINS/DNS support, and HTTP support.
The MarkNet S Ethernet 10Base-T/100Base-Tx, 10Base-T/2 Ethernet and 4/16Mb token ring INAs have RRPs of $780, $670 and $969 respectively and are available now.
Fuji Xerox offers three network desktop colour laser printers for use by small to large workgroups. They are the 4915 Plus, the 4920 Plus and the 4925 Plus, collectively known as the XPrint Plus family of printers.
Each uses a new version of Xerox's colour image enhancement technology, "Intelligent Colour 2.0". Incorporated in this technology is "PhotoReal", which provides "smoother, more realistic photos, crisper text and vivid business graphics".
New technology has also been introduced to improve the reproduction of colour backgrounds and shadow areas, and the image processing software allows users to print and collate larger, more complex jobs. The 4925 Plus has a 340Mb collation disk.
Support for the native Netware Directory Services of Novell NetWare 4.1 is provided by XPrint Plus network interface cards, and an optional PCL5e emulation kit is also available.
Each printer has 16Mb RAM standard, upgradable to 48Mb.
The RRP of the 4915 Plus is $8665, the 4920 Plus is $11,895 and the 4925 Plus is $14,365.
Accessories available for these printers are a mailbox collator, 500 sheet paper trays, offset catch tray, duplex module, envelope feeder, memory up to 64Mb, up to 126Mb of hard disk storage space, a Xerox PC card, network interface cards and supplies which include long-life toner and fuser cartridges.
QMS produces a range of colour print systems which include a thermal wax model (QMS ColorScript 230), two dye sublimation models (QMS Colorscript 310 and 330), and four colour lasers (QMS magicolor CX with either 8 or 20Mb, and CX Executive with Ethernet and 40Mb). The new QMS magicolour WX is suitable for Windows 95 and Windows NT 4.0 printing only.
QMS 310 and 330 Colorscript
QMS markets these machines for pre-press applications and digital photo reproduction.
Pantone ColorDrive and Agfa FotoTune colour matching software, and Apple ColorSync 2.0 profiles are shipped with both of these models and they are compatible with most illustration and desktop publishing packages.
Image quality is assured through precision thermal head control and fine-line art can be accurately reproduced through thin-line correction.
The printers feature a plug-in module for Adobe Photoshop for rapid transfer from the computer to the printer, and standard Ethernet connectivity.
The RRP of the Colorscript 310 is $12,495 and $23,995 for the Colorscript 330.
QMS Magicolor CX Systems
These colour laser printers provide monochrome output as well as high-end graphic arts quality colour. The machines can print on office paper and transparency film, laser quality labels and envelopes.
Available in four configurations, the Magicolour CX has an 8Mb entry level model, a 20Mb mid-range model and a high-performance CX Executive with 40Mb, internal hard disk, SCSI interface and Ethernet or token ring connectivity. The printers can also produce multiple prints and copies.
RRPs of the printers are $8495 for the entry level model, $8995 for the mid-range model and $10,995 for the CX Executive.
QMS Magicolor WX
This printer has been designed for users of Windows 95 colour capabilities in business communications, yet do not require the multitasking and sophisticated PostScript capabilities of the Magicolor CX.
The Magicolor WX can be shared within small workgroups and features dry toner-based laser technology which results in prints which "will never flake, fade, smudge, or even wrinkle the paper". An additional feature is the use of micro-fine toner cartridges, designed to provide pin-point accuracy and ensure colour consistency and accuracy.
QMS recommends the use of the Magicolor WX for producing newsletters, mailers, invoices, and customer statements. Monochrome pages are printed at 12 pages per minute and colour pages at three to six pages per minute, on paper, transparencies, labels and envelopes.
The Magicolor WX can be upgraded to provide full Magicolor CX capability, including support for PostScript and options such as Ethernet, token ring, internal hard disk, and copying facilities.
The Magicolour WX has an RRP of $5495.
HP offers a wide range of inkjet and laser printers for commercial and professional use. In the colour market, examples include the HP DeskJet 1600C and 1600CM, and the HP DeskJet 870Cxi.
HP DeskJet 1600C and 1600CM
Features of these machines include high-speed printing (up to nine pages per minute for black text and up to four pages per minute for colour); a built-in heater for dry output; connectivity to networks with intelligent protocol and printer language sensing; support for DOS, Windows, Mac, OS/2 and Unix systems; font and margin compatibility through built-in PCL5C/E language, Adobe PostScript Level 2 standard on HP DeskJet 1600CM; wide options for expansion; low cost per page printing; intelligent out-of-ink sensor; and Energy Star compliant. There is a 500 sheet plain paper tray and a 100Mb memory expansion.
The estimated street price of the HP DeskJet 1600C printer is $2586.
HP DeskJet 870Cxi
Marketed as a "personal colour printer for professionals", this machine features the HP RealLife Imaging System, enhancing blacks, colour and resolution; an automated process for printing colours; more than 150 fonts; compatibility with a variety of media such as letterhead, transparencies, plain and special papers, labels and envelopes; and manual, two-sided printing.
Black output is up to three pages per minute and colour output is up to four pages per minute.
An additional feature is connectivity to Windows 3.1x, Windows 95, DOS, Macintosh and Power Macintosh. Network options include connecting to a host computer on a network or connecting directly to a network with HP JetDirect EX print server which must be purchased separately.
The estimated street price of the HP DeskJet 870Cxi is $809.
We're back in the black
While colour printers are beginning to make an impact on the professional high-end printing scene in the area of digital photography, pre-press and desktop publishing, especially of promotional material, the market is still dominated by "black and white" printers for speed and cost-effective large volume printing.
While some manufacturers have expanded into the colour market, others have stuck with monochrome and concentrated their energies on those clients such as banks, the stock exchange and large scale billing agencies where colour is unnecessary.
Factors which distinguish manufacturers' products include cost per page, speed, duty cycle, environmental impact and initial costs.
Fujitsu PrintPartner 14V and 10V
Fujitsu Australia has just announced the latest in its range of high-speed workgroup laser printers. The PrintPartner 14V and 10V feature Lexmark MarkVision Printer Management software for remote management of the printers, and speeds of 12ppm and 8ppm respectively.
Addressing the issue of cost of ownership, Fujitsu has used separate print and toner cartridges in these printers to maintain running costs of less than three cents per page.
Features of the 14V include printing at the rate of 14ppm; a 250 sheet main paper tray as standard, with options for a second paper tray holding 500 sheets and a multi-function paper tray; standard memory of 3Mb expandable to 67Mb; 600 x 600dpi print resolution; and PCL5e language. PostScript Level 2 is an option.
The 10V prints at 10ppm and offers the same paper handling options as the 14V. The 10V also comes with PCL5e language as standard and PostScript Level 2 as an option.
Both products handle a wide range of paper sizes from 100mm by 150mm to A4 paper and when the optional multi-function feeder is added, envelopes, transparencies, card stock and labels can be printed.
An additional option is an Ethernet card for connection of either product to standard network environments.
The PrintPartner 14V and 10V have RRPs of $1896 and $1189 respectively. Both products are available now.
Fuji Xerox announced the availability of this printer in May and the company intends to use it as "its spearhead product to become one of the leading players in the office network printer market".
Features include "the fastest 'first page out' time in the industry"; 12ppm; 600dpi and 1200dpi with "smoothing"; 6000 print user replaceable toner cartridge; "advanced" paper handling capabilities; broad connectivity; and the ability to take memory upgrades up to 64Mb RAM.
The optional duplex printing feature provides savings in paper costs and environmental benefits. Additional environmental benefits come from low power consumption.
The DP 12 has an estimated street price of $1700 (ex tax) and is available now.
DP 4517 and 4517mp
These desktop laser printers produce copies at up to 17ppm. They offer 600 x 1200dpi as standard, with 600 x 600dpi using DP-Tek resolution enhancement. They print on A4, foolscap, letter, folio and legal paper and come with 2Mb memory as standard, with 4Mb additional on the 4517mp. Optional memory is up to 64Mb with a 125Mb hard disk optional.
RRPs of the DP 4517 and 4517mp are $2965 and $4610 respectively.
The Optra S Range
Lexmark's new Optra S lasers offer three engine speeds - 12, 16 and 24ppm. They are designed to meet the needs of businesses from desktop and small workgroups up to departmental printers.
Technology enhancements are credited with reducing "traditional performance bottlenecks, so users get their documents faster". Print quality is at 1200 x 1200dpi and the printers include a new 1200 Image Quality mode that can print at rated speeds.
Input options include a duplexer, an 85 envelope feeder and 250 sheet, 500 sheet and 2000 sheet drawers. Output options for the 16ppm and 24ppm models include a 500 sheet output stacker, 2500 sheet output stacker and a mailbox/finisher (the latter will be available in the third quarter 1997).
To minimise the total cost of printing, the Optra S printers support toner-saver and power-saver modes, multi-up printing and optional duplex. These features reduce environmental impact in addition to reducing operating costs.
As the printers are manufactured locally, there is some scope for customising the printer to meet the user's needs.
Lexmark has introduced a unique program for an operating cost reduction with these printers. Known as "Prebate", the program offers a significant discount on a new, single-use toner cartridge. The cartridges deliver a 17600 page yield and customers agree to "single-use-only" terms - no resale, reuse, refill or remanufacture of the empty cartridge. Les Bassett, consumables manager for Lexmark Australia, describes the program as "a unique cradle-to-grave management program which sees customers use the cartridges under licence, and Lexmark take responsibility for recycling". Resellers can earn a collection fee for collecting and sending the empty cartridges to Lexmark.
The Optra S laser printers work in all major network operating environments and include PostScript Level 2, enhanced PCL5e and PCL6e for compatibility with most applications. The printers are also shipped with MarkVision for remote printer management and alerts for such conditions as "toner low" or "paper low" and "output bin nearly full" to prevent problems and minimise downtime.
Lexmark's Optra S 1250, Optra S 1650 and Optra S 2450 have RRPs of $2205, $2710 and $4479 respectively.
Epson describes this machine as "ruggedly constructed for day-in, day-out reliability". It is capable of printing up to 20ppm A4 or 11ppm A3, with print resolutions of 600 x 600dpi. Epson technology is in place to smooth out text "jaggies" and enhance halftone image quality.
The EPL-N2000 is ready for network use, supporting industry standard networks and is also compatible with Windows 95, Windows NT 3.5.1, Macintosh and Unix networks. Built-in Ethernet and IEEE 1284 bi-directional interfaces support leading network protocols, and automatically select the correct protocol for maximum efficiency and high-speed data transfer. Optional interface cards and serial modules provide expanded flexibility for multiplatform networks. Supported printer control languages include PCL5e, IBM Mode, EPSON GL/2, FX and ESC/P2. Optional EPSONScript Level 2 printer control language allows PostScript Level 2 files to be output, assuring maximum capacity in Macintosh environments.
Network Printer Management software is included which allows the user to monitor the status of printers on the network from their own PC.
The EPL-N2000 has a standard paper capacity of 650 sheets. The in-built multipurpose paper tray can hold 150 A3 sheets and can be used for printing on envelopes as well as a 500 A4 sheet paper cassette. There is an optional duplex unit which can feed paper up to A3 size.
The product is Energy Star compliant and comes with 12 months on-site warranty (conditions apply) and an optional three year on-site warranty upgrade.
The RRP of the EPL-N2000 is $3999.
In such a busy market as this, you need a way to stand out from the crowd. Japanese printer manufacturer Kyocera, for many years now, has expounded the doctrine of total cost of ownership, coupled with low environmental impact. Visit the company's US Web site (the Australian one is currently under construction) at www.kyocera.com and you'll find a wealth of data on these subjects, including a downloadable demo program which demonstrates the real cost of ownership. In addition, contact your local Kyocera office for brochures and booklets on the subject.
Kyocera calls its system EcoSys. To quote: "EcoSys printers utilise long-life drum and developer technology which requires minimal attention. Apart from paper dust removal, all that is needed is a quick wipe of the main charger unit with our special cleaner each time toner is replaced." Kyocera provides a guarantee for the drum of 3 years or 300,000 pages (whichever occurs sooner) provided each printer is maintained in accordance with the service instructions.
The company currently sells a number of models in Australia, including:
12ppm, mid-range network printer
600 x 600dpi
Laserjet 4 emulation
250 sheet cassette and 100-page tray
Full SNMP connectivity support
Designed as a high-quality departmental printerRRP $2938FS-3700high-volume network printer600 x 600dpiResolution enhancement to 1200dpi at full speedLaserjet 4 emulationFull SNMP connectivity supportDesigned as a high-quality network printerRRP $3803FS-1550+10ppm300 x 300dpiLaserjet 4 emulation (and others)250 sheet cassette and 100-page trayCan take network cards, power feeders, stackers and other add-onsRRP $2272DataproductsDataproducts produces a number of high-speed laser printers, which can be sold under the "click-charge" rental program. They range from 30 to 60 pages per minute, with duty cycles up to a million pages per month. You can even add toner and paper to these machines while they're printing. They come with enough consumables to print the first 400,000 copies. They're also available in duplex versions, saving up to half on paper costs. As a network printer they can be configured to appear on the network as 64 different machines, each configured for an individual user's requirements.
Typhoon 30 Simplex:
30 pages per minute
Xionics PS (PostScript emulation)
Dataproducts Line Printer emulation
Up to 400dpi resolution
750 sheets input with storage cabinet
2750 sheets input with hopper cabinet
(Typhoon 30 Duplex has 2500 sheets input tray)Typhoon 40 Duplex printing 40 images per minute Xionics PS (PostScript emulation) PCL 5 Dataproducts Line Printer emulation Up to 400dpi resolution Ledger/A4 imaging 2500 sheets input Typhoon 60Duplex printing 60 images per minute Xionics PS (PostScript emulation) PCL 5 Dataproducts Line Printer emulation Up to 400dpi resolution Ledger/A4 imaging 3000 sheets input + optional 2000-sheet hopperThe companies featured in the product focus can be reached at the following numbers:
Tel (02) 9888 0100
Fax (02) 9888 0125
Tel (02) 9903 9000
Fax (02) 9903 9188
Tel (02) 9930 3500
Fax (02) 9975 6946
Tel (02) 9390 5800
Fax (02) 9390 5805
Tel (02) 9901 3235
Fax (02) 9901 3273
Tel 131 347
Fax (02) 9888 9072
Tel (02) 9410 4555
Fax (02) 9411 8603
Tel (02) 9906 8075
Fax (02) 9906 8153
Tel (02) 9451 3533
Fax (02) 9975 2984