Microsoft released two security bulletins late Tuesday, the first updating a the company released for a handful of its chat software clients in May and the second detailing a work-around to a flaw in its Internet Explorer Web browser that comes as a result of the aging Gopher protocol.
The vulnerability in MSN Chat, MSN Messenger and Exchange Instant Messenger addressed by the patch released on May 8 could have allowed an attacker to run code on target machines via a buffer overflow in ActiveX. The original patch did not, however, stop the affected ActiveX component from being reinstalled on systems in all cases, leaving the potential for patched systems to become vulnerable again, Microsoft said. To address this, the company released a new set of fixes on Tuesday for all three affected products.
Buffer overflows occur when the space reserved for programs or services in memory is overrun, allowing attackers to run code or take over systems.
The new security alert, patches and updated versions of the programs can be found at http://www.microsoft.com/technet/security/bulletin/MS02-022.aspThis most recent patch update is not the first time in recent months that Microsoft has needed to fix a security fix. In May, the company released a patch for Internet Explorer that, security researchers charged, did not close all the holes it claimed to.
The company Tuesday also released a security bulletin detailing a way for users to protect themselves from attack using the Gopher protocol. Microsoft has not yet released a patch to fix the issue.
The Gopher vulnerability potentially gives a remote user access to a host computer, by exploiting a buffer overflow bug in IE's gopher code.
The company's warning about the Gopher vulnerability marks Microsoft's official acknowledgement of the bug. When Online Solutions Oy, the Finnish company that discovered the flaw, released its advisory, Microsoft said only that it was investigating the issue and did not confirm it.
Microsoft's work-around for the issue is the same as that provided by Online Solutions: that users should select Internet options from within IE's Tools menu, then click Connections and select "LAN settings." From there, users should check "Use proxy server for your LAN," click the "Advanced..." button; type "localhost" into the textbox next to the word "Gopher" and put "1" in the port field.